Urdu Ghazal

how to write pashto ghazal

Pashto ghazal is a lyrical form of Persian poetry that has been popular in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and other Pashtun-populated areas since the 16th century. It is known for its romanticism, beauty and passion and often includes themes like love, longing, sadness, betrayal, and even nostalgia. Writing Pashto Ghazal can be a challenging task for those who are just starting out. This article will provide some tips on how to write Pashto Ghazal so you can create your own beautiful pieces of poetry.

What is a ghazal?

A ghazal is a poetic form consisting of couplets that share a rhyme and a refrain. Each couplet is independent from the others, but the overall ghazal has a unified theme. Themes can be love, loss, politics, religion, or anything else that strikes the poet’s fancy.

Ghazals originated in Arabic poetry, but they have been adapted by poets all over the world, including Persian, Urdu, and Pashto speakers. The form is particularly popular in South Asia.

Ghazals often make use of metaphor and simile to create beautiful imagery. As with any poem, the challenge for the ghazal writer is to say something fresh and new while still staying true to the form’s conventions.

The history of the ghazal

The ghazal is a poetic form that has its origins in Arabic and Persian poetry. In the 13th century, the ghazal was developed in Persia by poets such as Rumi and Hafiz. In the 14th century, the form was adopted by poets in India and Pakistan, who added their own linguistic and literary traditions to it.

The ghazal typically consists of couplets that are independent but thematically linked. Each couplet contains its own message, which can be understood on its own or in relation to the other couplets in the ghazal. Themes of love, loss, and longing are common in ghazals, as are religious and spiritual themes.

The ghazal reached its height of popularity in the 18th and 19th centuries, when it was used by some of the most celebrated Urdu poets such as Mirza Ghalib and Muhammad Iqbal. Today, the ghazal is still widely used in Pakistan and India, particularly among Urdu speakers.

What makes a good ghazal?

A good ghazal should have a consistent meter and rhyme scheme, and each couplet should be self-contained, with its own independent meaning. The subject matter of a ghazal can be anything, but it is often romantic or mystical in nature. Ghazals usually have between five and fifteen couplets, and they are often written in the first person.

How to write a ghazal

A ghazal is a poetic form consisting of couplets that share a rhyme and a refrain. Each couplet is autonomous, but the poet often employs the device of al-band to link the couplets together.

In order to write a ghazal, you must first decide on a theme or subject matter. Once you have done this, you can begin writing your couplets. When writing each couplet, keep in mind that each one should be self-contained, yet still relate to the overall theme of the ghazal.

Once you have written all of your couplets, you can then choose a refrain, which will be repeated at the end of each verse. The refrain can be any length, but it is typically just one or two words.

Once you have chosen your refrain, you can then link your couplets together using al-band. Al-band is simply the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and end of each verse. This helps to create unity within the ghazal and gives it a musical quality when recited aloud.

Now that you know how to write a ghazal, why not try your hand at composing one yourself?

Pashto ghazal examples

There are a few things to keep in mind when writing a Pashto ghazal. The ghazal is a poetic form that originated in Arabic and Persian poetry, and consists of a series of couplets that share a rhyme and refrain. In Pashto, the ghazal usually has eight to twelve couplets, and each couplet is written in the same meter. The first couplet typically introduces the theme of the poem, and the subsequent couplets explore that theme in different ways.

When it comes to choosing a subject for your ghazal, anything goes. Love, loss, nature, politics – anything can be fair game. Once you’ve decided on a subject, it’s time to start thinking about your rhyme scheme. The most common rhyme scheme for a Pashto ghazal is AABA, but there are other options as well.

Once you have your subject and rhyme scheme worked out, it’s time to start writing your poem. Remember to keep the meter consistent throughout the poem, and let each couplet stand on its own – even if they’re all exploring the same theme. And finally, don’t forget the refrain! This is often one of the most memorable parts of the ghazal, so make sure it’s something catchy and meaningful.


Writing a Pashto ghazal can be a rewarding experience. It allows you to express yourself in an artful and beautiful way. With the tips provided here, you now have the tools to start writing your own unique ghazals. Use rhyme and rhythm to create beautiful lines that capture your emotions and ideas, as well as provide insight into Pashtun culture. Give it a try and enjoy this form of poetry!

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